Linux and other flavours of the Unix operating system (aka *nix) run about half of the world’s web servers. Increasingly, *nix also runs on Internet-enabled hardware, including routers and modems. A huge proportion of these systems also have BASH configured as the default command interpreter (aka shell).
A serious vulnerability in BASH was recently discovered. The full extent of the danger related to this vulnerability has yet to be determined, because the bug opens up a world of possible exploits. As an example, the bug can be demonstrated by issuing a specially-crafted request to a vulnerable web server that results in that server pinging another computer.
Patches that address the vulnerability (at least partially) became available almost immediately for most Linux flavours. Apple’s OS X has yet to see a patch, but presumably that will change soon, although Apple has been oddly slow to respond to issues like this in the past.
Most average users don’t need to worry about this bug, but if you run a web server, or any server that’s accessible from the Internet, you should make sure your version of BASH is updated.
As new information emerges, I’ll post updates here.
- Video: Tom Scott explains Shellshock in basic terms
- Ars Technica: Bug in Bash shell creates big security hole on anything with *nix in it
- Icamtuf: Quick notes about the bash bug, its impact, and the fixes so far
- Troy Hunt: Everything you need to know about the Shellshock Bash bug
Update 2014Sep27: The first patch for BASH didn’t fix the problem completely, but another patch that does is now available for *nix systems. Still nothing from Apple for OS X. Scans show that there are thousands of vulnerable web servers on the Internet. Existing malware is being modified to take advantage of this new vulnerability. Attacks using the BASH vulnerability are already being observed. Posts from Ars Technica, Krebs on Security and SANS have additional details.
Update 2014Oct01: Apple releases a bash fix for OS X, more vulnerabilities are discovered, and either attacks based on bash vulnerabilities are increasing or attacks are subsiding, depending on who you ask.
Update 2014Oct08: Windows isn’t affected, unless you’re using Cygwin with bash. Oddly, Apple’s OS X bash patch is not available via the App Store; you have to obtain it from the main Apple downloads site. A security researcher claims to have found evidence of a new botnet that uses the Shellshock exploit.
Update 2014Oct23: Ars Technica: Fallout of Shellshock far from over